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Background Paper

Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is robust in predicting and analyzing complex multiphase flow hydrodynamics, especially on fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) phenomena in fluid-solid reaction. This study presented the replacement valve as a regulator of the catalyst's distribution from the Regenerator to the Riser in a pilot-scale fluid catalytic cracking (FCC). On a large scale, FCC applies Slide valves/plug valves as a regulator of the catalyst rate from the Regenerator to the Riser also stops nitrogen flow Riser. However, it is impossible on a pilot plant scale because the dimeter pipe is small, making the catalyst often stuck in the valve and nitrogen escapes to the Riser. The solution is chiffon or layered U pipe by flowing the air below to regulate the catalyst and solve the Riser's nitrogen leakage. This study uses the CFD approach, specifically the MMPIC and DEM models, including the preliminary validation with catalyst dimension based on the Geldart group A and A ' Miyauchi.

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                                           The subject plan on this paper is a Replacement valve

Slide valves are carefully designed with abrasion-resistant protection for improving the reliability of the valve. Internal insulation allows to use carbon steel for the body of the valves.