Muhamad Azkhariandra Aryaputra
Name: Muhamad Azkhariandra Aryaputra
Major: Mechanical Engineering KKI
DoB: 1 January 2003
Hello everyone ! My name is Muhamad Azkhariandra Aryaputra, you can call me Azkha. Right now I'm a Mechanical Engineering student at University of Indonesia and taking Numerical Method class with Pak DAI as the lecturer.
Hydrogen Storage Optimization
Hydrogen storage optimization entails enhancing hydrogen storage technologies' efficiency, capacity, safety, and cost-effectiveness. Because hydrogen has a low energy density, efficient storage is essential for its broad use as an energy carrier. Improving the efficiency, safety, and cost-effectiveness of storing and consuming hydrogen under high-pressure circumstances is referred to as optimizing pressurized hydrogen. Pressurized hydrogen storage is a typical approach for increasing energy density and making hydrogen feasible as an energy carrier.
The objective for this project is to minimize the cost of the material but with good quality and safe material to ensure the optimization of hydrogen storage tank. To achieve this objective there are several constraint that must be considered. The key aspects of the optimization of hydrogen storage are :
Storage Tank Design: Optimizing pressurized hydrogen storage entails creating storage tanks that can bear high pressures safely. The materials used in the tank must be sturdy, lightweight, and resistant to hydrogen embrittlement. To attain the appropriate strength-to-weight ratio, advanced composite materials such as carbon fiber composites are frequently used.
Cost: The cost optimization of hydrogen storage involves finding the most cost-effective solutions for storing hydrogen gas.
Safety Measures: In pressurized hydrogen storage, safety is a vital factor. Implementing safety precautions to prevent leaks, ruptures, or explosions is part of the optimization process. This incorporates pressure release systems, burst discs, and stringent testing and inspection methods to assure the storage tanks' integrity.
Mitigation of Hydrogen Leakage: Minimizing hydrogen leakage is critical for ensuring the safety and efficiency of pressurised hydrogen systems. To reduce leaks, optimization efforts include the use of modern sealing technologies such as metal-to-metal seals or elastomeric seals. Regular maintenance, inspection, and leak detection procedures are also necessary to detect and rectify any potential leaks as soon as possible.
Material Compatibility: Optimizing pressurized hydrogen storage necessitates examining the hydrogen compatibility of storage tank materials. Hydrogen can induce embrittlement or penetration in some materials, resulting in decreased strength or hydrogen loss. To increase the longevity and performance of pressurized hydrogen storage systems, researchers are designing materials that are resistant to hydrogen embrittlement and penetration.
The earliest and most essential element in the universe is hydrogen. It has the smallest atomic weight of any element and is made up of a positively charged nucleus proton and a negatively charged electron. Hydrogen is a colorless and odorless gas under typical or ordinary conditions. The most established hydrogen storage technique is compressed hydrogen storage, which includes the physical storage of compressed hydrogen gas in high-pressure tanks. Near-term technology for onboard car hydrogen storage currently consists of 35 and 70 MPa nominal working-pressure compressed gas containers. Compressed hydrogen is often kept in cylinders or high pressure tanks constructed of pressure-resistant materials. The pressure at which hydrogen is compressed varies, although it is often held at pressures ranging from 5,000 to 10,000 pounds per square inch (psi) or more. These high pressures enable more hydrogen to be stored in a given volume. Compressed hydrogen is employed in many different applications, such as fuel cell automobiles, industrial operations, and energy storage systems. It is an essential type of hydrogen storage, particularly for mobile applications, because it allows for relatively small and lightweight storage systems.
The material that is used for this project is Aluminum 6061. Aluminum 6061 is a precipitation-hardened aluminum alloy comprising the principal alloying components magnesium and silicon. It has high mechanical qualities, is weldable, and is widely extruded (second only to 6063 in popularity). It is one of the most prevalent general-purpose aluminum alloys. The aluminum alloy 6061 is a significant raw material for aluminum liner carbon fiber full-wrapped composite gas cylinders, the hydrogen compatibility of which impacts the safety and dependability of gas cylinders to a large extent. Aluminum 6061 is chosen because the relative cost of this material is not too expensive but very suitable for the pressurized hydrogen tank material.
The thickness of the tank
From the result above the estimation of the thickness of the tank is around 6 mm. The cost for the 6 mm Aluminum 6061 is Rp130.000 (240 cm^2). The total area of the tank that have been calculated is 565 cm^2. Therefore for the total cost is 565/240 x Rp130.000 = Rp306.000
We know from the explanation above the constraints for this hydrogen tank optimization project is the cost and the design. The design that is used for this project is cylindrical shape tank with the diameter 10 cm and the height of 13 cm. These diameter and height is calculated because we want to minimize the cost but with the wanted volume. From that design the material that used for this project is Aluminum 6061 and therefore we got the cost for the project is Rp306.000.
Link of the Video
This is the link for the video of the explanation of the project : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1Ky0cfvaoDk