Darrent Antono

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In summary, the correlation between a sugar cane company, battery plant, and fuel is related to the use of sugar cane and its byproducts, such as bagasse, to produce ethanol. Sugar cane can be used to produce ethanol, which can be used as a fuel or as a component of battery electrolytes in some types of batteries. Additionally, bagasse can be used as a fuel in sugar cane processing to generate electricity, highlighting the interconnectedness of different industries in the production and use of various types of energy and materials

ECS 02 Hands on Project Synopsis: Virtual Analysis of I.C.E. with hybrid assist or hydrogen alternative fuel

In the modern age, the advent of hybrid or electric powered vehicles are clearer as ever. With the rise of global warming and the real danger of increasing seawater levels, stringent emission standards are becoming the norm. Manufacturers have battled for the sure-fire solution to this slow outgoing crisis, one of them being the use of hybrid powertrains and electric; half-battery, half combustion engine, or full-battery, zero combustion engine. Today, the use of electric batteries have proven to be quite popular. However, many have stated the looming danger of battery use. Studies suggest that electric battery powerplants produce 74% more carbon pollution than a collective bunch of gasoline-engined vehicles. The problem is made more dire by the possible waste clutter of lithium-ion when they've reached the end of the cycle, further causing major environmental concerns. Hence, it can be said that internal combustion engines will still live for another day, another century perhaps even. Hybrid technology utilizes motors that could help with the total energy use of internal combustion engines, by shifting light and heavy work between their electric motors and its integrated internal combustion engine.

Another new discovery in the world of automotive engineering is the use of water-based hydrogen fuels to power up internal combustion engines. Toyota Motor Company are constantly improving this technology by utilizing it on their endurance racing cars and quite recently on a "retro revival" project of their popular 80s sports compact car, the Sprinter Trueno. By using hydrogen instead of fossil fuel-based gasoline, the combustion process happens entirely with water, resulting in zero pollutants and almost no combustion waste products as we've seen with gasoline vehicles. This hands on project strives to study the inner workings and components of both hybrid and hydrogen engine cars by video analysis. By the end of the study, I hope that I'm able to further understand the workings of these two powerplants and how they could be beneficial in the long run of automotive engines.

Today's Notes: 28 Feb 2023

- What is the difference between pyrolysis and I.C.E.? - internal combustion engines use liquid fuel, meanwhile pyrolysis converts energy from solid products - Fuel occurs when there's a reaction of a certain substance to the environment, specifically carbon - Energy conversion system and environment issues focus on vibrations - Fuel can be made out of plastic

Today's Summary: 7 Maret 2023

There are 4 main topics that are taught today: Desalination, biomass, pyrolysis, and driers. Desalination is a process that reduces seawater into salt. Biomass are essentially products that are made out of biomaterial, and can be used to power an energy source or become the source of energy for a certain object or tool. pyrolysis is a process which decomposes materials using heat and high temperatures. In this subject, we also learn about the use of graphene as a means to filtrate particles, supposedly water. Graphene itself is a single-layer of carbon atoms tightly wounded to a hexagonal shape. There have been many studies regarding graphene, one of them including its use on electrical appliances due to its stong nature, which is apparently stronger than steel, and its high flexibility. In industries, renewable energies are becoming the norm, and gasification proves to be a source which could supply renewable energy to source gas in gas industries, gasification itself is a form of pyrolysis as well. Desalination alone also has a few number of issues, since the waters have been mostly contaminated with trash, many companies have tried to rectify this problem by deploying trash boats. In dire situations, we can use desalination to obtain water sources, such as countries or cities that have barren lands. Filtration can be used to enhance desalination, by means of reverse osmosis.

Project Update

For this update, we have made a small program to figure out the amount of hydrogen gas produced, the program is as follows:

  1. Electrolysis of water to capture hydrogen gas
  1. Constants

FARADAY_CONSTANT = 96485 # coulombs/mol MOLAR_MASS_H2 = 2.016 # g/mol NUMBER_OF_ELECTRONS = 2 # number of electrons transferred in the reaction

  1. Inputs

applied_voltage = float(input("Enter the applied voltage in volts: ")) current = float(input("Enter the current in amperes: ")) time = float(input("Enter the time in seconds: "))

  1. Calculation of hydrogen gas produced

charge = current * time # coulombs moles_of_electrons = charge / (FARADAY_CONSTANT * NUMBER_OF_ELECTRONS) moles_of_H2 = moles_of_electrons mass_of_H2 = moles_of_H2 * MOLAR_MASS_H2

  1. Output

print(f"Mass of hydrogen gas captured: {mass_of_H2:.3f} g")

Quiz 2

Below is the result of my second quiz: Quiz2 DarrentAntono.jpg

Personal Project Report: Electrolysis and ICE

What is electrolysis?

Electrolysis is an experiment done to observe the changes in electron behavior due to current change. Essentially, electrolysis is used to separate or decompose the electrons of a compound molecule. In this experiment, we use electrolysis to separate water and sodium bicarbonate, in hopes that we can obtain hydrogen gas out of electrolysis and try to analyze how it is implemented in an ICE engine.

Materials and Apparatus

For this project, what we'll need is: Materials: 1. Aluminum plates 2. Container box (15 L) 3. Drafts 4. Used water bottles 5. Garden hoses 6. Sodium bicarbonate 7. Balloons

Apparatus: 1. Drill 2. Cutters 3. Beaker glass 4. Power supply (12V/5A and 12V/2A) 5. Cathode and anode connectors

Procedures 1. Drill holes on the box container to accommodate pipes, drafts, and a cathode cover. 2. Glue pipes, drafts, and cathode cover into the container 3. Insert cathode steels and anode steels into the drafts 4. Pour the container with water, and mix with sodium bicarbonate 5. Using a 12V/5A power supply, connect the power lines into cathode and anode poles 6. Insert a balloon into the cathode pipe. This will store the hydrogen 7. Turn on the power, and wait 30 minutes for hydrogen to form

Results From the results we can see that the more amperes are put into the system, the more power is produced.

Here is the link to our project PowerPoint presentation: [1]