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Muhammad Haidar Ramadhani

Mechanical Engineering Student 2019

NPM : 1906317796

Personal Project: "Fuel Consumption of Hybrid Car"


Internal Combustion Engine


Hybrid cars are becoming increasingly popular due to their fuel efficiency and lower emissions compared to traditional gasoline-powered vehicles. A hybrid car combines an internal combustion engine with an electric motor, which allows it to use less fuel and emit fewer pollutants than a conventional car. This is achieved by using the electric motor to supplement the power generated by the engine, particularly during stop-and-go driving.

One of the key factors that makes hybrid cars more fuel-efficient is their ability to use regenerative braking. This means that when the driver brakes, the kinetic energy generated is captured and converted into electrical energy, which is then stored in the battery. When the car accelerates again, the electric motor uses this stored energy to help power the vehicle, reducing the amount of fuel needed.

The fuel economy of a hybrid car depends on various factors such as the size and weight of the vehicle, driving conditions, and the driver's behavior. Generally, hybrid cars have better fuel economy in city driving, where the electric motor can be used more often, than on the highway, where the engine is doing most of the work. However, newer hybrid models are designed to be more efficient in both city and highway driving.

In recent years, advances in hybrid technology have led to the development of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) and fully electric vehicles (EVs), which rely entirely on electricity for propulsion. While these vehicles offer even greater fuel efficiency and lower emissions, they may not be suitable for all drivers due to limited driving range and longer recharging times.

Overall, hybrid cars offer a more environmentally friendly and cost-effective option for drivers who want to reduce their fuel consumption and lower their carbon footprint. As technology continues to evolve, it is likely that hybrid and electric vehicles will become even more commonplace on the roads.

Will We Ever Run Out of Fossil Fuels

Yes, we will eventually run out of oil as it is a finite resource that is being depleted faster than it is being replenished. The rate of oil consumption has been increasing, particularly in developing countries, leading to concerns about the sustainability of our energy consumption patterns and the environmental impact of burning fossil fuels. Although the exact timeline is uncertain, many experts predict that we will reach peak oil production within the next few decades, highlighting the need for alternative sources of energy and energy conservation measures.

Relation Between Sugar Cane Factory, Battery Company, and Oil and Gas Company

The relation between sugar cane factory, battery company, and oil and gas company is related to the production and utilization of energy. As a mechanical engineering student, it is important to understand the interconnections between different energy sources and how they can be used to meet the growing demand for sustainable and clean energy.