ANALYSIS OF RENEWABLE-ENERGY SOURCES FOR ELECTRICITY GENERATION SYSTEM IN JAWA-BALI
TABLE OF CONTENT
CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION
- 1.1 Background
- 1.2 Report Objectives
- 1.3 Scope of the Report
- 1.4 Date and Place of the On Job Training
- 1.5 Report Outline
CHAPTER II COMPANY PROFILE
- 2.1 About PT. PLN (Persero)
- 2.1.1 Company Logo
- 2.1.2 COmpany's Vision and Mission
- 2.1.3 COmpany's Value
- 2.2 PT. PLN (Persero) UIP2B
CHAPTER III BASIC THEORY
- 3.1 Renewable Energy Definition
- 3.2 Renewable Energy Sources in Indonesia
- 3.2.1 Hydropower
- 3.2.2 Wind
- 3.2.3 Solar
- 3.2.4 Biofuel and Waste
- 3.3.Renewable Power Plant in Indonesia
- 3.3.1 PLTA (Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Air)
- 3.3.2 PLTB (Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Bayu)
- 3.3.1 PLTS (Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Surya)
- 3.3.1 PLTBg (Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Biogas)
- 3.3.1 PLTBm (Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Biomassa)
CHAPTER IV DATA COMPILATION
- 4.1 2017 National Energy Plan (RUEN)
- 4.2 2019-2038 National Electricity Plan (RUKN)
- 4.3 2019-2029 Electricity Supply Business Plan (RUPTL)
- 4.4 2019 Java-Bali System Operation Evaluation (EOT 2019 PT. PLN UIP2B)
CHAPTER V DATA ANALYSIS
- 5.1 Data Analysis
CHAPTER VI CONCLUSION
- 6.1 Conclusions
- 6.2 Internship Result
CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION
Renewable energy is an energy that comes from renewable resources, meaning that nature will naturally restock the resources by itself. For example renewable resources are sunlight, wind, rain, tides, waves, geothermal heat, and etc. There are already important energy sectors that use renewable energy resources to provide energy, one of them is the electricity power generation sector.
1.2. Report Objectives
The main objective is to provide a collection and summary about the data of PT.PLN UIP2B renewable-energy sources in the electricity generating system in Jawa-Bali. In addition, there are other objectives that are mainly for administrative purposes. They are as follows:
For the Internship Student
- To fulfill the requirement of Bachelor’s Degree in the University of Indonesia
- To add the insight and get an experience of the work-life in engineering field
- To study and be familiar about Renewable-Energy.
- To oversee the link and match between the practical work and the theoretical work
For the Company (PT. PLN UIP2B) in this case
- To create a good relationship with the education institutes.
- To improve the productivity of the company by having interns.
- To prepare for the next generation of engineers who understand about Renewable-Energy sources for electricity generating systems.
1.3. Scope of the Report
This report provides a collection and summary of PT. PLN UIP2B renewable-energy sources for electricity generating systems. The report will include data from the 2019-2029 Electricity Supply Business Plan (RUPTL), PT PLN (Persero), 2017 National Energy Plan (RUEN), Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources (ESDM), 2019-2038 National Electricity Plan (RUKN), Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources (ESDM), and also from the 2019 year evaluation report from PT. PLN UIP2B.
1.4 Internship Time and Location
The internship was conducted in PT. PLN (Persero) Unit Induk Pusat Pengatur Beban (UIP2B) Jl. JCC, Gandul , Cinere, Kota Depok, Jawa Barat. The duration of the internship is from August 3rd 2020 to September 30th 2020. However, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the internship was mainly conducted as a work from home project with zoom call meetings and discussion at usual working hours from monday to friday.
1.5 Report Structure
The structure of this report is to follow the standard of the internship report set by the University. Chapter One : Provides the introduction of the work. It includes the background and the objective of the report. Chapter Two : Overviews the company profile -- PT. PLN UIP2B. Chapter Three : Gives the basic theories about renewable energy and renewable energy power plants. Chapter Four : Provides the collected data. Chapter Five : Provides the Analysis of the data and the comparison between the renewable energy power plants to non renewable energy power plants. Chapter Six : Conclusions and internship results are stated in.
CHAPTER II COMPANY PROFILE
2.1 About PT. PLN (Persero)
PT. PLN (Persero) is a state-owned enterprise that fully manages Indonesia’s electrical power field. On October 27th, 1945, Indonesia’s then president, President Soekarno established the Electricity and Gas Bureau under the Department of Public Works and Energy. However, on January 1st, 1961, the Electricity and Gas Bureau was changed to BPU-PLN (General Chairman of the State Electric Company) engaged in electricity, gas and coke. But, exactly 4 years later BPU-PLN was dissolved. At the time of the dissolvement of BPU-PLN, 2 (two) new companies were inaugurated, namely the National Electricity Company (PLN) to manage electricity and the State Gas Company (PGN) as the gas manager. And up to this day, PT PLN is the only company that sells electrical services in Indonesia. PT. PLN divided the company into units, the Main Office (Kantor Pusat), the Main Units and/or Centers (Unit Induk dan/atau Pusat-Pusat), the Executor Units (Unit Pelaksana), and the Service Units (Unit Pelayanan).
2.1.1 Company Logo
Meaning of the elements in the company logo:
Symbolizes electric power as the main product of the company. It also means fast and accurate work by the employees of PT. PLN in giving the finest solution towards the consumer. Red on the lightning represents sophistication of the company being the first electric energy corporation in Indonesia, also reflects tenacity in working and courage to push forward technology development.
- Three Waves
Represents electric energy flow from the three main aspects the company works on: Generation, transmission, and distribution. The color blue shows the impression of consistency being in the life of the community and also it represents reliability.
- Yellow Vertical Rectangle
Being the base of the symbol, it shows how PT. PLN is a well-organized corporate and field. The color yellow symbolizes enlightenment, as how the company enlightens the community. It also symbolizes the fiery spirit that is within the people of the company.
2.1.2 Company’s Vision and Mission
- Recognized as a world-class company that grows, superior and trusted while resting on human potential.
- Runs electricity business and other related fields, oriented towards customer satisfaction, member of company and shareholder.
- Makes electricity as a media to improve society’s life quality.
- Strive for electricity to be the driving force of economic activity.
- Runs an environmental-friendly company.
2.1.3 Company's Values
- Mutual Trust
Atmosphere of appreciation and open between company members that is based on trust and integrity, good faith, and competence from parties that are interconnected in conducting clean and ethical business practice.
Form of company members’ attitude that consistently shows honesty, harmony between words and deeds, and responsibility towards company management and company resources utilization for good cause in short or long term, and responsibility towards all related parties.
Reflection of the will to keep and maintain work quality in company, with awareness of every problem faced by the company and finding the right solution.
The act of company units to always question system and development practices, management and operation, and attempt to dominate science and technology development for the sake of continuous company renewal.
- Aware of customer needs
Always strive to satisfy customers and fulfill their needs fast, correctly and accordingly.
- Appreciation towards human dignity
Values highly human dignity with all its advantages and disadvantages and recognizes and protects human rights in running business.
Values honesty, integrity, and objectivity in managing business.
- Product quality
Improve quality of product continuously and measured also keeping environment quality in running the company.
- Opportunity to improve
Giving the same opportunity to every company unit to gain achievements and occupy positions accordingly with the criteria.
Ready to share knowledge and experience with company units, growing curiosity and appreciating ideas and innovations.
- Prioritize company interests
Consistent in preventing conflict of interests and guarantee every decision is addressed to company interests.
Business decision making will be oriented towards improving shareholder investment value.
2.2 PT. PLN (Persero) UIP2B
PT. PLN UIP2B or Unit Induk Pusat Pengatur Beban is one of the main units under PT. PLN that manages the load regulation in jawa-bali. In this PLN unit, they carry out electric power system operations and manage the distribution of high voltage electric power. The UIP2B is a unit of PLN as an extension of the head office for electricity services at PLN, as well as an institution at PLN as support for PLN's electricity business in the region. In short, this unit does the load regulating and the operation system of the main 500kV power plants and 500kv substation in Jawa-Bali. Also together with the regional unit, this unit manages and regulates the small-scale local generation systems connected to 150 kV, 70 kV and 30 kV systems and the transmission systems. The UIP2B unit divided according to its function, for example, PLN West Java Distribution Main Unit which is located in Bandung as a distribution service in West Java Province, or PLN Central Java Transmission Main Unit as electricity transmission service in West Java and Yogyakarta Central Java provinces. Meanwhile, the mains are PLN institutions that support PLN's business, for example, the PLN Education and Training Center (PUSDIKLAT), which is an institution for the development and training of PLN employees, as well as other centers. The parent unit and centers led by a General Manager of the Main Unit or General Manager of the Center.
The interns are being placed in the planning department under the System Operational Planning. System Operation Planning is the division where planning of the operation of an electric power system takes place which includes distribution planning and generation planning to achieve the target of an economical, reliable and quality electric power system operation.